Glossary of energy terms: Part III

Are you new to energy? Did you come across a term for which you could not find an explanation, or do you just want to broaden your horizons? Then check out our energy glossary to help you navigate some basic but key terms from the industry.

  • 06. 06. 2023
  • Written by: FUERGY

Battery Management System (BMS): (1) A device that monitors and controls connected batteries. Its task is to ensure optimal charging and discharging, protecting batteries from over or undercharging, increasing lifespan. A BMS also serves to monitor battery temperature, preventing overheating or undercooling.

Main Disconnecting Point (HRM): A device necessary for quick disconnection of electric current from the distribution system. The goal is to ensure the safe maintenance, repair or replacement of electrical equipment. HRM is an important part of network protection in photovoltaic systems, where it serves to remove production from the distribution system in the event of a malfunction or any issues that could threaten the stability of the network.

LiFePO4 Batteries: Lithium-iron phosphate batteries have a high energy density, long life and are able to discharge energy faster than traditional lead-acid batteries. This makes them very popular for use in battery storage. Compared to Li-Ion batteries, LiFe are non-flammable and therefore much safer for use in building interiors. LiFePO4 batteries are used in all FUERGY energy storage solutions.

Li-Ion Batteries: Lithium-ion batteries are a type of rechargeable battery typically found in mobile phones, computers and also in electric cars. They are popular for their high energy density, low level of self-discharge and long service life. However, the biggest disadvantage is flammability; theycan catch fire or even explode under the wrong conditions. For this reason, you will not find such batteries in FUERGY technologies.

Converter: Often referred to as an inverter, a Converter is used to transform direct current into alternating current. It converts energy produced from renewable sources, such as solar panels or wind turbines, into more commonly used alternating current electricity.

FUERGY Power Merger: A device which maintains the parallel connection of three independent DC voltage sources and ensures power redundancy for control and communication devices. In the event of a failure in one of the sources, power is preserved in the remaining devices, increasing reliability of the entire system. Individual power sources do not affect each other, with operation that is problem-free and independent.

FUERGY Control Unit: A communication interface between FUERGY software and hardware, such as a battery storage and photovoltaic panels. This hardware is built on the ARB 32-bit architecture, which includes a 64-bit Intel® Atom™ processor. It can be controlled remotely via cloud server and is an important part of every smart battery storage brAIn by FUERGY.

Switchboard: Also known as a Distribution Box, the switchboard handles the distribution and management of electrical energy in a building or industrial hall. Current from the network is distributed to efficiently various collection points or equipment.

Solar Panels: Also called Photovoltaic Panels, these are devices that use sunlight to produce electricity. The crucial piece is composed of several photovoltaic cells which contain materials capable of absorbing photons from the sun’s rays and releasing electrons. These move in an electric circuit producing a current, which can then be used to power electrical equipment in homes or businesses. Find out how solar panels work, what the advantages are and how to make them a green and economically attractive investment.

Thermal Panels: Sometimes called Solar Collectors, these devices use sunlight to heat water. Similar to solar panels, thermal panels are also installed on building roofs, though Thermal Panels absorb only heat which is then used to warm stored water in a tank. These panels are suitable for heating water for swimming pools, hotels or households.

Source: (1) https://www.vsds.sk

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